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traditional Iranian music
Some traditional instruments used in Iranian music
High quality sample sounds, History, Information
 
Setar
Setar
Tar
Tar
Ney
Ney
Daf
Daf
Kamancheh
Kamancheh
Santur
Santur
Tombak
Tombak
Ud
Ud
Tanbur
The term "Khonyâ-ye Bâstâni Irâni" (خنيای باستانی ایرانی) is the Iranian transliteration of what would translate into "ancient Iranian music," that is to say, Iranian classical music. This Iranian term is well-understood today,[citation needed] but is rarely used when compared to the more frequently used term, "Mousiqi-e aseel," (which has a similar translation). Through excavated evidence, such as statuettes recovered in Susa, it can be said that music in Iran can be traced back to the days of the Elamite Empire (2,500-644 B.C). Little is known of the music during this period, except for the fact that various instruments, such as guitars, lutes and flutes were created and played. The barbat and other instruments are said to have originated in this period, probably around 800 B.C..During the Achaemenid Empire, it was stated[citation needed] by Herodotus that music played an important role, especially in court. He mentions that music was crucial to religious ceremonies in worshipping the god Mithra - later to be accepted a Amesha Spenta - as well as several other idols, after Zoroastrianism became popular.
Instruments used in Persian classical music include the bowed spike-fiddle kamancheh, the goblet drum tombak, the end-blown flute ney, the frame drum daf, the long-necked lutes tar, setar, tanbur, dotar, and the dulcimer santur. The ordinary violin is also used, with distinctively Persian tuning. Harps, "chang[s]," were a very important part of music up until the middle of the Safavid Empire. They were probably replaced because of tuning problems or replaced by the qanun (zither)and later the piano which was introduced by the West during the Safavid Dynasty of Iran. Many, if not most, of these instruments originated in Iran. Perhaps the most loved string instrument is the tar. Tar players are regurlarly chosen to function as the primary string instrument in a performance. The setar is also loved for its delicacy and is the favorite among Mystic musicians. Some instruments like the sorna, neyanban, dohol, naghareh, and others, are not used in the classical repertoire but are used in Iranian Folk music. The ghazhak (ghaychak), a type of fiddle, is being re-introduced to the Classical field after many years of exclusion. The instruments used in the Classical field are also used in Iranian Folk Music.

Iranian/Persian Music

Large Audio Files of Persian Music (Format: AU/WAV)
www.persia.org/audio.html
This wall painting depicts a scene from 17th century Persia.
This wall painting depicts a scene from 17th century Persia.
Across Before

YouTube - Persian music

Persian Classical Music
www.duke.edu/~azomorod/persian2.html

Iranian Classical Music
history of Iranian classical music and reviews of some albums.
www.medieval.org/music/world/iran.html

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Hossein Alizadeh:  Radif of Persian Classical 
-Parviz Meshkatian:  Radif of Persian Classical
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http://bia2.com/music/



 

Categories: Persian music | Persian classical music | Non-Western classical music genres | Middle Eastern music

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